The Function of Barns on Farms | Livestock

When one thinks of barns, farms and animals come to mind. One often thinks of rustic rural landscapes in the middle of country. Stacks of hay, chickens, roosters and pigs are the inhabitants most often associated with barns. When asked to name a structure of a farm, this is the number one answer.They do have many functions except for residential purposes. More often than not, they are used as storage facilities. Stacks of hay are often brought in from the fields where they are stored. Then the hay is usually stacked and bundled. Afterwards, they are often put on trucks and wagons to be shipped and sold on the market.Besides hay, the harvest is also stored in these structures. When the crops are ready, they are picked out of the ground or off the trees and plants. They are then transported and stored inside these structures. Just as with the hay, they are stacked up. The farmer and the farm help usually go through the harvest to sort out the best from the bad. Fruits and vegetables which are bruised or otherwise damaged and separated in one pile from those that are good. The best of the crop is then boxed and packaged. Then they are placed on trucks and wagons to be transported and shipped for sale.Livestock are usually housed in these structures as well. Most livestock are usually in the open. Most of the time, the animals are left to graze and roam the fields and surrounding areas. The animals are placed inside when the weather turns inclement. During severe rain and thunder storms and during winter storms such as blizzards, the animals are herded inside for shelter and protection.Shelter from the elements is the main purpose of this building structure. This is to protect both the livestock and the harvested crops. Rain and frost can cause great financial lost to farmers. Hail is also the source of widespread misery for many farmers. For livestock, shelter is provided during the winter months. When temperatures drop below freezing, the hazards to the livestock are just as great as for humans. To protect their investments during the cold season, many farmers will keep their animals inside during the winter. Most barns are unheated but when the doors and transoms are closed shut, it keeps the temperature just warm enough to keep the animals from freezing to death.Security is another function for these structures. For owners of livestock, they must protect their animals from other predators such as foxes and coyotes. This is the main reason that animals are placed inside at night. With the doors and shutters closed, it keeps the predators out and the animals secure. When it comes to harvest crops, keeping them inside protects them from potential thieves. Keeping animals and crops safe and secure is one of the primary concerns for farmers and ranchers.These are the main functions of barns in agriculture. They provide shelter and protection for both livestock and crops. They are an essential investment for farmers in order to protect their livelihoods and investments.